The Cytosolic Protein Response (CPR) in the cytosol and the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) and ERassociated degradation (ERAD) in the endoplasmic reticulum are major pathways of the cellular proteostasis network. However, despite years of effort, how these protein quality control systems coordinated in vivo remains largely unknown, particularly in plants. In this study, the roles of two evolutionarily conserved ERAD pathways (DOA10 and HRD1) in heat stress response were investigated through reverse genetic approaches in Arabidopsis. Phenotypic analysis of the mutants showed that the two ERAD pathways additively play negative roles in heat tolerance, which was demonstrated by higher survival rate and lower electrolyte leakage in the loss of function mutants compared to the wild type plants. Importantly, gene expression analysis revealed that the mutant plants showed elevated transcriptional regulation of several downstream genes, including those encoding CPR and UPR marker genes, under both basal and heat stress conditions. Finally, multiple components of ERAD genes exhibited rapid response to increasing temperature. Taken together, our data not only unravels key insights into the crosstalk between different protein quality control processes, but also provides candidate genes to genetically improve plant heat tolerance in the future.